Monday, March 24, 2003

Lecture on lebanon to a VCU class in Richmond

Lebanon Lecture Outine
VCU Campus, Richmond, March 24, 03


Political profile of Lebanon:

- Emerging from civil war with political amnesia, poor memory of what happened in crisis of fifteen years of communal fighting.

- Reconciliation is social and existential, but not spiritual or moral
- Lebanon has become just another Arab country with less trust in its future and silenced by political quietism.

- Political leadership contrasts with technological endowment

- Lebanon is dependent too much on resolution of major issues in region:
Rule of law, Palestinian problem, and regional impotence in political leadership. We need new Lebanese leaders like Gibran, Ralph Nader and Antoun Saadeh.

Lebanon short history: a politically grafted country like Kuwait, Jordan, Libya and Israel: a product of modern historical events. Lebanon was part of Syria during four centuries until 1920. Rational for Lebanon is “home for Christians”; rationale for Israel is “home for the Jews”. But demography, secularism, human rights and nation state ideology make the “faith-based nation” a contradiction.

Lebanon Unique: Lebanon is a unique country in the Arab world: Mediator for Arab/Western relations and a laboratory for social change:

a. Parliamentary life: some participatory voting

b. Civic society: political parties active but poorly organized, private non profit organizations thriving

c. Liberation politics: Arab secular nationalism and Palestinian national resistance live side by side with sectarian politics

d. Sectarian Power sharing of communities is an experiment in diversity but with a fault line:
- Christian President and Muslim Prime minister
- 50% Muslim and 50% Christian parliament
- Distribution of seats according to demography
- Chief of army Christian

The cantonal system or the federal formula in power sharing works well in countries where there is economic prosperity, high level of education, some form of socialism and a stable demography. Lebanon balance of power among sectarian communities is vulnerable to 1. Demographic shifts, 2. Manipulative hands of religious leaders and 3. Economic crises of minorities which become excuse for destabilizing the system.

Rapid social change within a context of contradiction:
- Lebanon is a country of banks, bikinis and baggy pants and of veils and short skirts. In one part of the country you can imagine yourself being in southern France and in another it feels like any overcrowded urban low resource environment.
- Lebanon has over thirty universities for a population of five millions: e.g. AUB and Saint Joseph University. Education of children is sacred for the parents of Lebanon. Illiteracy is are.

- Lebanon has a vibrant seven-million Diaspora community which includes many people in power or with economic resources: e.g. current US Secretary of Energy, Abrahams, Ralph Nader, former HHS Secretary Dona Shalala, the Swiss Swatch company owner, the actress Selma Hayek and three recent former ex presidents of Ecuador, Columbia and Argentina and former Mayor of Saw Paulo. Richmond for example, has several thousand Lebanese who go to the St Anthony Catholic church and who are almost totally assimilated. One single street corner in Richmond (on Parham Rd), for example, has the largest pharmacy, the largest dentist office and a large law firm whose owners are Lebanese emigrants. Dearborn Michigan has sixty thousand Lebanese. These emigrants help their families in Lebanon but they resist investing in home land due to political uncertainty.

Service and financial capital of the Arab world:
- Tourism, banks, lawyers, doctors, engineers, teachers serve the Arab world
- The AUB has generated hundreds of thousand of leaders over the last one hundred fifty years
- Beirut College for Women same influence

Market economy without sufficient income redistributive measures.
-Tax evasion, government corruption and illegal income are major social problems.

- You can buy anything in Lebanon markets, easy transactions in real estate, air lines etc

Decorative army:
Army is large but inefficient. Has rarely been used to defend national interests, preserve unity under stress, protect border with Israel, or to challenge other forms of regional intervention.

Regional influence
Syria’s presence in Lebanon and Israel Occupation of a small piece of land; Presence of 300 000 Palestinian refugees. Loyalty to Iran and to Islamic fundamentalism remains a problem; but it has been politicized for resistance for national defense.

Reconstruction and tourism after 1990:
- Beirut and other cities and villages have been rebuilt in ten years.
Sandy Beaches and night clubs and fancy restaurants attract regional tourists. Theater, art and cultural life are very active in Lebanon. The air port is at European standards, rebuilt with millions of borrowed money. The mountains of Lebanon have “green village” beauty which should draw millions of tourists from around the world. But now only Gulf oil rich visitors appreciate Lebanon, especially after 9/11 events. National debt has grown to thirty billion dollars, about 100 % of GNP. Social reconstruction is a disappointment.

Emigration of youth and minorities
- Youth leave for Europe, the US and all over the world
- Minorities like Armenians and European and US residents left in great numbers.

Future political prospects:

Lessons about power sharing, secularism and national unity building have not been learned or transmitted to new generation. The fate of Lebanon is tied to fate or region. The fate of the region is tied to fate of new world order. There is no new world order yet. The cold war world regime has been replaced by the superpower regime. If we are going to reform world order through war, history tells us, this is not the way. Social justice and rule of law go hand in hand.

19 Comments:

Blogger oakleyses said...

nike air max, tiffany and co jewelry, tiffany jewelry, prada handbags, oakley sunglasses, coach outlet store online, longchamp outlet online, michael kors outlet online, kate spade outlet online, coach purses, tory burch outlet, louboutin shoes, longchamp outlet, louis vuitton, cheap oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet online, ray ban sunglasses, coach outlet, michael kors outlet, louis vuitton handbags, michael kors outlet online, coach outlet, longchamp handbags, ray ban outlet, polo ralph lauren, nike air max, jordan shoes, burberry outlet online, prada outlet, louis vuitton outlet, chanel handbags, michael kors outlet online, michael kors outlet store, christian louboutin shoes, gucci handbags, christian louboutin outlet, burberry outlet online, polo ralph lauren outlet, louis vuitton outlet online, oakley vault, nike free, louis vuitton outlet, kate spade handbags, nike shoes, red bottom shoes

8:30 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

vans pas cher, nike air force, converse pas cher, north face, tn pas cher, true religion, ralph lauren pas cher, sac michael kors, mulberry, lululemon, air max pas cher, hermes pas cher, scarpe hogan, nike roshe run, true religion outlet, lacoste pas cher, ralph lauren, nike air max, michael kors canada, burberry pas cher, air max, nike blazer pas cher, guess pas cher, oakley pas cher, true religion outlet, longchamp, ray ban pas cher, hollister, chaussure louboutin, ray ban uk, longchamp pas cher, louis vuitton pas cher, new balance pas cher, sac vanessa bruno, michael kors uk, nike air max, nike free pas cher, timberland, louis vuitton, north face pas cher, air jordan, sac louis vuitton, hollister, louis vuitton uk, nike free

8:32 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

giuseppe zanotti, herve leger, soccer shoes, reebok shoes, instyler ionic styler, roshe run, babyliss pro, beats headphones, soccer jerseys, ugg, nike trainers, abercrombie and fitch, asics shoes, mcm handbags, nike roshe, north face outlet, ferragamo shoes, barbour, ghd, jimmy choo shoes, ugg soldes, north face jackets, valentino shoes, uggs outlet, longchamp, bottega veneta, wedding dresses, marc jacobs outlet, celine handbags, nike huarache, nfl jerseys, chi flat iron, rolex watches, hollister, new balance outlet, vans outlet, p90x workout, mont blanc pens, abercrombie and fitch, ugg outlet, lululemon outlet, mac cosmetics, insanity workout, birkin bag, uggs on sale

8:33 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

canada goose outlet, converse shoes, nike air max, ugg, hollister clothing, ralph lauren, canada goose, hollister canada, lancel, karen millen, coach outlet, replica watches, iphone 6 case, timberland shoes, uggs canada, gucci, hollister, louboutin, canada goose pas cher, canada goose outlet, oakley, juicy couture outlet, moncler, canada goose, wedding dress, moncler, air max, converse, moncler, canada goose, moncler outlet, supra shoes, louis vuitton canada, parajumpers outlet, montre femme, moncler, ray ban, toms outlet, moncler, canada goose outlet, baseball bats, canada goose uk, vans, ugg boots, juicy couture outlet, moncler

8:35 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

burberry outlet, nike free, oakley sunglasses wholesale, gucci handbags, longchamp outlet, replica watches, oakley sunglasses, nike air max, ray ban sunglasses, christian louboutin uk, ugg boots, nike air max, polo ralph lauren outlet online, louis vuitton outlet, ray ban sunglasses, kate spade outlet, tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet, uggs outlet, michael kors outlet online, michael kors outlet, nike outlet, michael kors outlet online, prada handbags, christian louboutin shoes, louis vuitton outlet, christian louboutin, jordan shoes, polo outlet, cheap oakley sunglasses, burberry handbags, christian louboutin outlet, tory burch outlet, michael kors outlet online, longchamp outlet, uggs on sale, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet store, tiffany and co, prada outlet, ugg boots, chanel handbags, uggs outlet, louis vuitton, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton, louis vuitton outlet, replica watches

12:32 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

michael kors, converse pas cher, new balance, north face uk, true religion outlet, nike roshe, sac hermes, nike tn, true religion jeans, timberland pas cher, vans pas cher, michael kors outlet, mulberry uk, coach purses, nike roshe run uk, nike free uk, lululemon canada, michael kors pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, oakley pas cher, nike air max, polo lacoste, polo ralph lauren, nike air max uk, abercrombie and fitch uk, hollister uk, nike free run, longchamp pas cher, north face, hollister pas cher, hogan outlet, true religion outlet, ralph lauren uk, michael kors, jordan pas cher, air max, sac vanessa bruno, guess pas cher, nike air max uk, kate spade, louboutin pas cher, ray ban uk, ray ban pas cher, burberry pas cher, coach outlet, nike air force, coach outlet store online, sac longchamp pas cher, coach outlet, true religion outlet

12:38 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

vans, ralph lauren, giuseppe zanotti outlet, nike roshe run, ray ban, p90x workout, herve leger, asics running shoes, nike air max, timberland boots, ghd hair, reebok outlet, new balance shoes, north face outlet, iphone 6 cases, mac cosmetics, wedding dresses, nike trainers uk, converse outlet, celine handbags, lululemon, hollister clothing, soccer jerseys, instyler, longchamp uk, converse, soccer shoes, babyliss, insanity workout, beats by dre, gucci, north face outlet, vans outlet, abercrombie and fitch, hermes belt, ferragamo shoes, hollister, bottega veneta, nike huaraches, nike air max, louboutin, jimmy choo outlet, valentino shoes, baseball bats, nfl jerseys, chi flat iron, oakley, mcm handbags, hollister, mont blanc pens

12:42 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

karen millen uk, doudoune moncler, canada goose, michael kors outlet online, louis vuitton, moncler, moncler, replica watches, pandora uk, pandora charms, swarovski crystal, ugg uk, coach outlet, michael kors handbags, canada goose outlet, moncler, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, ugg, canada goose outlet, marc jacobs, pandora jewelry, lancel, wedding dresses, moncler, moncler outlet, links of london, moncler outlet, barbour uk, canada goose outlet, canada goose uk, doke gabbana, michael kors outlet, barbour, louis vuitton, louis vuitton, canada goose, supra shoes, juicy couture outlet, louis vuitton, canada goose jackets, canada goose, juicy couture outlet, louis vuitton, swarovski, hollister, toms shoes, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, pandora jewelry, ugg pas cher, thomas sabo, moncler uk, montre pas cher

12:48 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

ray ban sunglasses, nike air max, longchamp outlet, louis vuitton, true religion outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet online, replica watches, true religion outlet, tiffany and co, kate spade outlet, polo outlet, jordan shoes, nike air max, cheap oakley sunglasses, true religion outlet, nike outlet, oakley sunglasses wholesale, longchamp outlet, gucci handbags, replica handbags, christian louboutin shoes, oakley sunglasses, ugg boots, louis vuitton outlet, replica watches, louis vuitton outlet, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp outlet, tory burch outlet, tiffany jewelry, prada outlet, nike air max, oakley sunglasses, coach purses, ray ban sunglasses, true religion jeans, uggs on sale, christian louboutin, coach outlet, christian louboutin uk, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton, nike free

10:50 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

michael kors outlet, air max, ray ban uk, lululemon canada, michael kors pas cher, converse pas cher, vans pas cher, polo lacoste, longchamp pas cher, burberry outlet, jordan pas cher, burberry pas cher, michael kors outlet online, michael kors outlet online, oakley pas cher, hogan outlet, michael kors outlet online, uggs outlet, michael kors outlet, sac vanessa bruno, nike tn, nike free uk, new balance, nike blazer pas cher, north face, sac longchamp pas cher, nike free run, nike roshe, burberry handbags, louboutin pas cher, nike air max uk, hollister uk, sac hermes, timberland pas cher, polo ralph lauren, mulberry uk, nike air max uk, ralph lauren uk, abercrombie and fitch uk, ray ban pas cher, michael kors outlet online, michael kors outlet, uggs outlet, nike roshe run uk, guess pas cher, north face uk, hollister pas cher

10:55 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

celine handbags, instyler, nfl jerseys, hollister, nike trainers uk, beats by dre, soccer jerseys, s6 case, mac cosmetics, mont blanc pens, asics running shoes, hollister clothing, hermes belt, mcm handbags, ghd hair, iphone 6s cases, nike air max, ferragamo shoes, nike roshe run, p90x workout, chi flat iron, ipad cases, bottega veneta, iphone 6s plus cases, iphone 6 plus cases, wedding dresses, baseball bats, iphone cases, lululemon, herve leger, babyliss, oakley, reebok outlet, new balance shoes, valentino shoes, iphone 6 cases, abercrombie and fitch, timberland boots, ralph lauren, longchamp uk, louboutin, jimmy choo outlet, north face outlet, vans outlet, north face outlet, insanity workout, nike huaraches, giuseppe zanotti outlet, iphone 5s cases, soccer shoes

10:58 PM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

ugg, canada goose jackets, replica watches, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, converse, pandora charms, louis vuitton, moncler, pandora jewelry, canada goose outlet, pandora uk, canada goose, pandora jewelry, canada goose, louis vuitton, juicy couture outlet, louis vuitton, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, thomas sabo, nike air max, barbour uk, converse outlet, swarovski crystal, canada goose outlet, swarovski, supra shoes, karen millen uk, hollister, juicy couture outlet, moncler, moncler outlet, barbour, ugg pas cher, ugg uk, moncler uk, moncler, canada goose outlet, louis vuitton, hollister, gucci, toms shoes, marc jacobs, ray ban, canada goose uk, lancel, moncler, doudoune moncler, coach outlet, links of london, moncler outlet, canada goose, montre pas cher, wedding dresses

11:01 PM  
Blogger dong dong23 said...

ray ban sunglasses outlet
michael kors outlet
coach factory outlet
ralph lauren sale
louis vuitton outlet
ray ban sunglasses
coach factory outlet
asics shoes
coach outlet
ray ban wayfarer
louis vuitton handbags
michael kors outlet
tory burch outlet
coach factory outlet
michael kors outlet
adidas outlet store
gucci
toms shoes
prada uk
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet
replica watches
michael kors outlet
rolex watches
kate spade handbags
tory burch sale
kate spade
oakley sunglasses wholesale
ray ban sunglasses outlet
michael kors purses
tods shoes
supra shoes
coach outlet
cheap toms shoes
oakley sunglasses
louis vuitton outlet
toms shoes
marc jacobs
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton
20164.8wengdongdong

11:42 PM  
Anonymous Pengobatan Untuk Mengatasi Penyakit Vertigo said...

Nice, have the motivation for everything

Pengobatan Ampuh Jantung Lemah
Obat Jantung Bocor
Cara Cepat Menyembuhkan Kanker Tenggorokan
Pengobatan Limpa Bengkak Tanpa Operasi
Pengobatan Jantung Bengkak
Pengobatan Flek Paru-Paru Ampuh

11:22 PM  
Anonymous Obat Untuk Penyakit TBC said...

This article is interesting and useful. And let me share an article about health which insha Allah will be very useful if we use it again for others.

Obat Untuk Mengobati penyakit osteoarthritis
Cara Mengobati Penyakit Gula Darah

5:45 PM  
Anonymous PENGOBATAN PENYAKIT AMANDEL said...

Thanks for sharing the information

Khasiat QnC Jelly Gamat
Obat Eksim Atopik
Pengobatan Herbal Penyakit Liver
Cara Mengobati Alergi Dingin
Obat Paling Mujarab untuk Diabetes
Obat Batu Empedu Alami
Cara Mengatasi Penyakit Asam Lambung

4:42 PM  
Anonymous Cara Pengobatan Tulang Keropos said...

Herbal treatment is the most effective treatment you can do

Obat Borok Dan Korengan Paling Ampuh
Pengobatan Efektif Varises Di Betis
Obat Menghilangkan Keloid Dengan Cepat Dan Aman
Pengobatan Menyeluruh Sindrom Steven Johnson
Obat Luka Akibat Tersiram Air Panas
Pengobatan Untuk Mengatasi Sakit Tenggorokan

5:56 PM  
Anonymous Cara Mengobati Fistula Ani. said...


Thank you for sharing an interesting and very useful article. And let me share an article about health here I believe this is useful. Thank you :)

Cara Mengobati Penyakit Tipes Super Ampuh
Cara Mengobati Tukak Lambung secara Alami
Cara Mengatasi Jantung Koroner secara Alami
Obat Tradisional Penurun Asam Urat
Cara Mengobati Biduran (kaligata)
Penyebab,gejala dan pengobatan Penyakit Parkinson

6:20 PM  
Blogger شركات كشف تسربات المياه وعزل اسطح وخزانات said...

شركة نقل عفش بالرياض
شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض
نقل عفش بالمدينة المنورة
نقل اثاث بجدة
نقل اثاث بالدمام
نقل عفش بالرياض رخيص
شركة نقل عفش بالطائف
شركة نقل اثاث بالخبر

11:33 PM  

Post a Comment

<< Home